Maths

In Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2 children are introduced to
the National Curriculum in Maths.

The national curriculum for mathematics aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, including through varied and frequent practice with increasingly complex problems over time, so that pupils develop conceptual understanding and the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately
  • reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry, conjecturing relationships and generalisations, and developing an argument, justification or proof using mathematical language
  • can solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of routine and non-routine problems with increasing sophistication, including breaking down problems into a series of simpler steps and persevering in seeking solutions

Key Stage 1 (Years 1 & 2)

 


Key Stage 1 (Years 1 & 2)

Topics / themes covered in Year 1

Topics / themes covered in Year 2

Key skills / knowledge covered

The principal focus of mathematics teaching in key stage 1 is to ensure that pupils develop confidence and mental fluency with whole numbers, counting and place value. This should involve working with numerals, words and the 4 operations, including with practical resources [for example, concrete objects and measuring tools].

At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to recognise, describe, draw, compare and sort different shapes and use the related vocabulary. Teaching should also involve using a range of measures to describe and compare different quantities such as length, mass, capacity/volume, time and money.

By the end of year 2, pupils should know the number bonds to 20 and be precise in using and understanding place value. An emphasis on practice at this early stage will aid fluency.

Pupils should read and spell mathematical vocabulary, at a level consistent with their increasing word reading and spelling knowledge at key stage 1.


Link to relevant National Curriculum document on DfE website OR pdf download

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/national-curriculum-in-england-mathematics-programmes-of-study/national-curriculum-in-england-mathematics-programmes-of-study#key-stage-1—years-1-and-2

How parents can support their child and links to useful websites

Make sure your child has time set aside to complete maths homework. Be there to answer any questions or assist when needed. Use the calculation policy to support you and your child. This can be found on the school website.

Through daily maths lessons at school, your child is developing their knowledge and understanding of the number system. You can support them with this by helping them to count forwards and backwards in 1s, 2s, 5s and 10s and by helping them to learn simple number bonds and number facts, such as 7 + 3 = 10 or 20 – 8 = 12. Regular recalling of number facts will support your child to develop a range of mathematical skills. You can encourage your child to use their maths skills and understanding in daily life. For example, when you are out and about together, try playing simple verbal maths games. There are also lots of games you can make or adapt at home, like bingo, snap and pairs with numbers.

There are lot of opportunities to help your child with maths when you are out and about. Ask for your child’s help in telling the time or adding up the shopping bill and working out change. Comparing prices, keeping a record of what you’ve spent and weighing food are all good opportunities to use maths at home.

Encourage your child to use mathematical vocabulary. The way that children speak and write about mathematics has been shown to have an impact on their success.

Links to useful websites for Y1 – Y2

www.mymaths.co.uk/primary

www.ttrockstars.com

https://uk.ixl.com/math

https://www.topmarks.co.uk/maths-games/5-7-years

www.mathplayground.com

www.sumdog.com

www.bbc.com/bitesize

https://nrich.maths.org/13960

http://www.primaryresources.co.uk/ 


Lower Key Stage

2 (Years 3 & 4)

Topics / themes covered in Year 3

 

Topics/ themes covered in Year 4

Key skills / knowledge covered

The principal focus of mathematics teaching in lower key stage 2 is to ensure that pupils become increasingly fluent with whole numbers and the 4 operations, including number facts and the concept of place value. This should ensure that pupils develop efficient written and mental methods and perform calculations accurately with increasingly large whole numbers.

At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to solve a range of problems, including with simple fractions and decimal place value. Teaching should also ensure that pupils draw with increasing accuracy and develop mathematical reasoning so they can analyse shapes and their properties, and confidently describe the relationships between them. It should ensure that they can use measuring instruments with accuracy and make connections between measure and number.

By the end of year 4, pupils should have memorised their multiplication tables up to and including the 12 multiplication table and show precision and fluency in their work.

Pupils should read and spell mathematical vocabulary correctly and confidently, using their growing word-reading knowledge and their knowledge of spelling.

Link to relevant National Curriculum document on DfE website OR pdf download

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/national-curriculum-in-england-mathematics-programmes-of-study/national-curriculum-in-england-mathematics-programmes-of-study#lower-key-stage-2—years-3-and-4 


Upper Key Stage 2 (Years 5 & 6)

 Topics / themes covered in Year 5

Topics/ themes covered in Year 6 

 Key skills /knowledge covered

The principal focus of mathematics teaching in upper key stage 2 is to ensure that pupils extend their understanding of the number system and place value to include larger integers. This should develop the connections that pupils make between multiplication and division with fractions, decimals, percentages and ratio.

At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to solve a wider range of problems, including increasingly complex properties of numbers and arithmetic, and problems demanding efficient written and mental methods of calculation. With this foundation in arithmetic, pupils are introduced to the language of algebra as a means for solving a variety of problems. Teaching in geometry and measures should consolidate and extend knowledge developed in number. Teaching should also ensure that pupils classify shapes with increasingly complex geometric properties and that they learn the vocabulary they need to describe them.

By the end of year 6, pupils should be fluent in written methods for all 4 operations, including long multiplication and division, and in working with fractions, decimals and percentages.

Pupils should read, spell and pronounce mathematical vocabulary correctly.

Link to relevant National Curriculum document on DfE website OR pdf download

 https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/national-curriculum-in-england-mathematics-programmes-of-study/national-curriculum-in-england-mathematics-programmes-of-study#upper-key-stage-2—years-5-and-6

How parents can support their child and links to useful websites

Make sure your child has time set aside to complete maths homework. Be there to answer any questions or assist when needed. Use the calculation policy to support you and your child. This can be found on the school website.

There are plenty of websites you can encourage your child to explore at home! If possible, purchase a KS2 revision guide to consolidate your child’s learning at home. Lett’s or Rising Star’s are particularly good.

Through daily maths lessons at school, your child is becoming increasingly fluent with mental calculations such as addition and subtraction facts and times tables. Regular recalling of times tables will support your child to develop a range of mathematical skills. You can encourage your child to practise these skills in everyday life, and to learn to apply their maths skills and understanding. When you are out and about together, try playing simple verbal maths games. There are also lots of games you can make or adapt at home, like bingo, snap and pairs with numbers.

There are lot of opportunities to help your child with maths when you are out and about. Ask for your child’s help in adding up the shopping bill and working out change. Comparing prices, keeping a record of what you’ve spent and weighing food are all good opportunities to use maths at home. At home, we use fractions, decimals and percentages a lot in our daily lives. Help your child to understand fractions when sharing out food e.g. pizza.

Encourage your child to use mathematical vocabulary. The way that children speak and write about mathematics has been shown to have an impact on their success.

Links to useful websites for Y3 – Y6

www.mymaths.co.uk/primary

www.uk.ixl.com/math/year-6

www.ttrockstars.com

www.topmarks.co.uk/maths-games/7-11-years

www.mathplayground.com

www.sumdog.com

www.bbc.com/bitesize

https://nrich.maths.org/13960

http://www.primaryresources.co.uk

 


Key Stage 1 (Years 1 & 2)

Topics / themes covered in Year 1

Topics / themes covered in Year 2

Key skills / knowledge covered

The principal focus of mathematics teaching in key stage 1 is to ensure that pupils develop confidence and mental fluency with whole numbers, counting and place value. This should involve working with numerals, words and the 4 operations, including with practical resources [for example, concrete objects and measuring tools].

At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to recognise, describe, draw, compare and sort different shapes and use the related vocabulary. Teaching should also involve using a range of measures to describe and compare different quantities such as length, mass, capacity/volume, time and money.

By the end of year 2, pupils should know the number bonds to 20 and be precise in using and understanding place value. An emphasis on practice at this early stage will aid fluency.

Pupils should read and spell mathematical vocabulary, at a level consistent with their increasing word reading and spelling knowledge at key stage 1.


Link to relevant National Curriculum document on DfE website OR pdf download

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/national-curriculum-in-england-mathematics-programmes-of-study/national-curriculum-in-england-mathematics-programmes-of-study#key-stage-1—years-1-and-2

How parents can support their child and links to useful websites

Make sure your child has time set aside to complete maths homework. Be there to answer any questions or assist when needed. Use the calculation policy to support you and your child. This can be found on the school website.

Through daily maths lessons at school, your child is developing their knowledge and understanding of the number system. You can support them with this by helping them to count forwards and backwards in 1s, 2s, 5s and 10s and by helping them to learn simple number bonds and number facts, such as 7 + 3 = 10 or 20 – 8 = 12. Regular recalling of number facts will support your child to develop a range of mathematical skills. You can encourage your child to use their maths skills and understanding in daily life. For example, when you are out and about together, try playing simple verbal maths games. There are also lots of games you can make or adapt at home, like bingo, snap and pairs with numbers.

There are lot of opportunities to help your child with maths when you are out and about. Ask for your child’s help in telling the time or adding up the shopping bill and working out change. Comparing prices, keeping a record of what you’ve spent and weighing food are all good opportunities to use maths at home.

Encourage your child to use mathematical vocabulary. The way that children speak and write about mathematics has been shown to have an impact on their success.

Links to useful websites for Y1 – Y2

www.mymaths.co.uk/primary

www.ttrockstars.com

https://uk.ixl.com/math

https://www.topmarks.co.uk/maths-games/5-7-years

www.mathplayground.com

www.sumdog.com

www.bbc.com/bitesize

https://nrich.maths.org/13960

http://www.primaryresources.co.uk/ 


Lower Key Stage

2 (Years 3 & 4)

Topics / themes covered in Year 3

 

Topics/ themes covered in Year 4

Key skills / knowledge covered

The principal focus of mathematics teaching in lower key stage 2 is to ensure that pupils become increasingly fluent with whole numbers and the 4 operations, including number facts and the concept of place value. This should ensure that pupils develop efficient written and mental methods and perform calculations accurately with increasingly large whole numbers.

At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to solve a range of problems, including with simple fractions and decimal place value. Teaching should also ensure that pupils draw with increasing accuracy and develop mathematical reasoning so they can analyse shapes and their properties, and confidently describe the relationships between them. It should ensure that they can use measuring instruments with accuracy and make connections between measure and number.

By the end of year 4, pupils should have memorised their multiplication tables up to and including the 12 multiplication table and show precision and fluency in their work.

Pupils should read and spell mathematical vocabulary correctly and confidently, using their growing word-reading knowledge and their knowledge of spelling.

Link to relevant National Curriculum document on DfE website OR pdf download

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/national-curriculum-in-england-mathematics-programmes-of-study/national-curriculum-in-england-mathematics-programmes-of-study#lower-key-stage-2—years-3-and-4 


Upper Key Stage 2 (Years 5 & 6)

 Topics / themes covered in Year 5

Topics/ themes covered in Year 6 

 Key skills /knowledge covered

The principal focus of mathematics teaching in upper key stage 2 is to ensure that pupils extend their understanding of the number system and place value to include larger integers. This should develop the connections that pupils make between multiplication and division with fractions, decimals, percentages and ratio.

At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to solve a wider range of problems, including increasingly complex properties of numbers and arithmetic, and problems demanding efficient written and mental methods of calculation. With this foundation in arithmetic, pupils are introduced to the language of algebra as a means for solving a variety of problems. Teaching in geometry and measures should consolidate and extend knowledge developed in number. Teaching should also ensure that pupils classify shapes with increasingly complex geometric properties and that they learn the vocabulary they need to describe them.

By the end of year 6, pupils should be fluent in written methods for all 4 operations, including long multiplication and division, and in working with fractions, decimals and percentages.

Pupils should read, spell and pronounce mathematical vocabulary correctly.

Link to relevant National Curriculum document on DfE website OR pdf download

 https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/national-curriculum-in-england-mathematics-programmes-of-study/national-curriculum-in-england-mathematics-programmes-of-study#upper-key-stage-2—years-5-and-6

How parents can support their child and links to useful websites

Make sure your child has time set aside to complete maths homework. Be there to answer any questions or assist when needed. Use the calculation policy to support you and your child. This can be found on the school website.

There are plenty of websites you can encourage your child to explore at home! If possible, purchase a KS2 revision guide to consolidate your child’s learning at home. Lett’s or Rising Star’s are particularly good.

Through daily maths lessons at school, your child is becoming increasingly fluent with mental calculations such as addition and subtraction facts and times tables. Regular recalling of times tables will support your child to develop a range of mathematical skills. You can encourage your child to practise these skills in everyday life, and to learn to apply their maths skills and understanding. When you are out and about together, try playing simple verbal maths games. There are also lots of games you can make or adapt at home, like bingo, snap and pairs with numbers.

There are lot of opportunities to help your child with maths when you are out and about. Ask for your child’s help in adding up the shopping bill and working out change. Comparing prices, keeping a record of what you’ve spent and weighing food are all good opportunities to use maths at home. At home, we use fractions, decimals and percentages a lot in our daily lives. Help your child to understand fractions when sharing out food e.g. pizza.

Encourage your child to use mathematical vocabulary. The way that children speak and write about mathematics has been shown to have an impact on their success.

Links to useful websites for Y3 – Y6

www.mymaths.co.uk/primary

www.uk.ixl.com/math/year-6

www.ttrockstars.com

www.topmarks.co.uk/maths-games/7-11-years

www.mathplayground.com

www.sumdog.com

www.bbc.com/bitesize

https://nrich.maths.org/13960

http://www.primaryresources.co.uk