Humanities
History & Geography

The National Curriculum for History is introduced to children in Key stage 1 (KS1) and continued in Key Stage 2 (KS2). ‘A high-quality history education will help pupils gain a coherent knowledge and understanding of Britain’s past and that of the wider world. It should inspire pupils’ curiosity to know more about the past.

 

History KS1

Topics / Themes

Topics / Themes Covered in Year 1

Topics / Themes Covered in Year 2

Key Skills / Knowledge

  • Changes within living memory. Where appropriate these should be used to reveal aspects of change in national life.
  • Events beyond living memory that are significant nationally or globally (e.g./GFOL, first aeroplane flight or events commemorated through festivals/anniversaries)
  • The lives of significant individuals in the past who have contributed to national and international achievements. Some should be used to compare aspects of life in different periods (e.g./ Elizabeth 1, Queen Victoria, Christopher Columbus, Florence Nightingale etc.)
  • Significant historical events, people and places in their own locality
KS1
To investigate and interpret the past 
  • Observe or handle evidence to ask questions and find answers to questions about the past.
  • Ask questions such as: What was it like for people? What happened? How long ago?
  • Use artefacts, pictures, stories, online sources and databases to find out about the past.
  • Identify some of the different ways the past has been represented.
To build an overview of world history
  • Describe historical events.
  • Describe significant people from the past.
  • Recognise that there are reasons why people in the past acted as they did.
To understand chronology
  • Place events and artefacts in order on a time line.
  • Label time lines with words or phrases such as: past, present, older and newer.
  • Recount changes that have occurred in their own lives.
  • Use dates where appropriate.
To communicate historically
  • Use words and phrases such as: a long time ago, recently, when my parents/carers were children, years, decades and centuries to describe the passing of time.
  • Show an understanding of the concept of nation and a nation’s history.
  • Show an understanding of concepts such as civilisation, monarchy, parliament, democracy, and war and peace.

Curriculum links

History National Curriculum link KS1 / KS2

Topics / Themes Covered in Year 3

https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/239035/PRIMARY_national_curriculum_-_History.pdf

History Lower KS2

Topics / Themes Covered in Year 3

Topics / Themes Covered in Year 4

Key Skills / Knowledge

To investigate and interpret the past

  • Use evidence to ask questions and find answers to questions about the past.
  • Suggest suitable sources of evidence for historical enquiries.
  • Use more than one source of evidence for historical enquiry in order to gain a more accurate understanding of history.
  • Describe different accounts of a historical event, explaining some of the reasons why the accounts may differ.
  • Suggest causes and consequences of some of the main events and changes in history.

To build an overview of world history

  • Describe changes that have happened in the locality of the school throughout history.
  • Give a broad overview of life in Britain from ancient until medieval times.
  • Compare some of the times studied with those of other areas of interest around the world.
  • Describe the social, ethnic, cultural or religious diversity of past society.
  • Describe the characteristic features of the past, including ideas, beliefs, attitudes and experiences of men, women and children.

To understand chronology

  • Place events, artefacts and historical figures on a time line using dates.
  • Understand the concept of change over time, representing this, along with evidence, on a time line.
  • Use dates and terms to describe events.

To communicate historically

  • Use appropriate historical vocabulary to communicate, including:

– Dates

– Time period

– Era

– Change

– Chronology

  • Use literacy, numeracy and computing skills to a good standard in order to communicate information about the past.

History UKS2

Topics / Themes

Topics / Themes Covered in Year 5

Topics / Themes Covered in Year 6

Key Skills / Knowledge

To investigate and interpret the past

  • Use sources of evidence to deduce information about the past.
  • Select suitable sources of evidence, giving reasons for choices.
  • Use sources of information to form testable hypotheses about the past.
  • Seek out and analyse a wide range of evidence in order to justify claims about the past.
  • Show an awareness of the concept of propaganda and how historians must understand the social context of evidence studied.
  • Understand that no single source of evidence gives the full answer to questions about the past.
  • Refine lines of enquiry as appropriate.

To build an overview of world history

  • Identify continuity and change in the history of the locality of the school.
  • Give a broad overview of life in Britain from medieval until the Tudor and Stuarts times.
  • Compare some of the times studied with those of the other areas of interest around the world.
  • Describe the social, ethnic, cultural or religious diversity of past society.
  • Describe the characteristic features of the past, including ideas, beliefs, attitudes and experiences of men, women and children.

To understand chronology

  • Describe the main changes in a period of history (using terms such as: social, religious, political, technological and cultural).
  • Identify periods of rapid change in history and contrast them with times of relatively little change.
  • Understand the concepts of continuity and change over time, representing them, along with evidence, on a time line.
  • Use dates and terms accurately in describing events.

To communicate historically

  • Use appropriate historical vocabulary to communicate, including:

-Dates

-Time period

-Era

-Chronology

-Continuity

-Change

-Century

-Decade

-legacy

  • Use literacy, numeracy and computing skills to a exceptional standard in order to communicate information about the past.
  • Use original ways to present information and ideas.

How can parents help?

  • Use the internet to research your child’s history topic with them at home.
  • Visit the library to take out books about your child’s history topic.
  • Make use of the wonderful free museums that London has to offer.
  • British Museum
  • Natural History Museum
  • Victoria & Albert Museum
  • Imperial War Museum
  • Talk to your child about their topic and come up with things that they would like to find out about it.

Useful websites – History

https://www.history.org.uk/primary/resource/3620/primary-topic-websites Primary History Association

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/forkids/ BBC History for Kids

http://www.primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk/history/index.html Woodlands Resources – Primary History

https://www.bbc.com/bitesize/subjects/zcw76sg BBC History KS2

http://primarygamesarena.com/Subjects/History Primary History Games

 

The National Curriculum for Geography is introduced to children in Key stage 1 (KS1) and continued in Key Stage 2 (KS2). ‘A high-quality geography education should inspire in pupils a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives. Teaching should equip pupils with knowledge about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments, together with a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes.’

Geography KS1

Topics / Themes Covered in Year 1

Topics / Themes Covered in Year 2

Key Skills / Knowledge

KS1 (Year 1 and 2)

  • Name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans.
  • Name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas.
  • Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country.
  • Identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles.
  • Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to: key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather
  • Key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop.
  • use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage.
  • Use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) and locational and directional language [for example, near and far; left and right], to describe the location of features and routes on a map Geography.

KS1

To investigate places

  • Ask and answer geographical questions (such as: What is this place like? What or who will I see in this place? What do people do in this place?).
  • Identify the key features of a location in order to say whether it is a city, town, village, coastal or rural area.
  • Use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied.
  • Use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of the school and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment.
  • Use aerial images and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic physical features.
  • Name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas.
  • Name and locate the world’s continents and oceans.

To investigate patterns

Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom and of a contrasting non-European country.

  • Identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles.
  • Identify land use around the school.

To communicate geographically

Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to:

  • key physical features, including: beach, coast, forest, hill, mountain, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation and weather.
  • key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office and shop.
  • Use compass directions (north, south, east and west) and locational language (e.g. near and far) to describe the location of features and routes on a map.
  • Devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key. Use simple grid references (A1, B1).

Curriculum links

Geography National Curriculum link KS1 / KS2

https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/239044/PRIMARY_national_curriculum_-_Geography.pdf

Geography LKS2 (Y3 & 4)

Topics / Themes

Topics / Themes Covered in Year 3

Topics / Themes Covered in Year 4

 Key Skills / Knowledge

KS2 (Year 3,4, 5 and 6)

  • Locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on Europe (including the location of Russia) and North and South America, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities.
  • Name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, key topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers), and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time.
  • Identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones (including day and night)
  • Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country, and a region within North or South America.
  • Describe and understand key aspects of: physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle.
  • Human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water.
  • Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied.
  • Use the eight points of a compass, four and six-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world.
  • Use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

LKS2 (Y3 & 4)

To investigate places

  • Ask and answer geographical questions about the physical and human characteristics of a location.
  • Explain own views about locations, giving reasons.
  • Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features.
  • Use fieldwork to observe and record the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods including sketch maps, plans and graphs and digital technologies.
  • Use a range of resources to identify the key physical and human features of a location.
  • Name and locate counties and cities of the United

Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, including hills, mountains, cities, rivers, key topographical features and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time.

  • Name and locate the countries of Europe and identify their main physical and human characteristics.

To investigate patterns

Name and locate the Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle and date time zones. Describe some of the characteristics of these geographical areas.

  • Describe geographical similarities and differences between countries.
  • Describe how the locality of the school has changed over time.

To communicate geographically

Describe key aspects of:

  • physical geography, including: rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes and the water cycle.
  • human geography, including: settlements and land use.
  • Use the eight points of a compass, four-figure grid references, symbols and key to communicate knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world.

 Geography UKS2 (Y5 & Y6)

Topics / Themes

Topics / Themes Covered in Year 5

Topics / Themes Covered in Year 6

 

UKS2 (Y5 & Y6)

To investigate places

Collect and analyse statistics and other information in order to draw clear conclusions about locations.

  • Identify and describe how the physical features affect the human activity within a location.
  • Use a range of geographical resources to give detailed descriptions and opinions of the characteristic features of a location.
  • Use different types of fieldwork sampling (random and systematic) to observe, measure and record the human and physical features in the local area. Record the results in a range of ways.
  • Analyse and give views on the effectiveness of different geographical representations of a location (such as aerial images compared with maps and topological maps – as in London’s Tube map).
  • Name and locate some of the countries and cities of the world and their identifying human and physical characteristics, including hills, mountains, rivers, key topographical features and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time.
  • Name and locate the countries of North and South America and identify their main physical and human characteristics.

To investigate patterns

Identify and describe the geographical significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, and time zones (including day and night).

  • Understand some of the reasons for geographical similarities and differences between countries.
  • Describe how locations around the world are changing and explain some of the reasons for change.
  • Describe geographical diversity across the world.
  • Describe how countries and geographical regions are interconnected and interdependent.

To communicate geographically

Describe and understand key aspects of:

  • physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes and the water cycle.
  • human geography, including: settlements, land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals, and water supplies.
  • Use the eight points of a compass, four-figure grid references, symbols and a key (that uses standard Ordnance Survey symbols) to communicate knowledge of the United Kingdom and the world.
  • Create maps of locations identifying patterns (such as: land use, climate zones, population densities, height of land).

How can parents help?

  • Look at maps and atlases together with your child and discuss different continents/countries and oceans of the world.
  • Research a particular country and look at the human and physical aspects of this place.
  • Use paper maps to find different routes when travelling. Use map symbols and create your own maps.
  • Explore the local area including rivers and find these areas on a map.

Useful websites – Geography

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/websites/4_11/site/geography.shtml BBC Primary Geogprahy

https://www.natgeokids.com/uk/ National Geographic Kids

https://www.ducksters.com/geography/ Ducksters

https://kidsgeo.com/geography-games/ Kids Geo