KS4 Geography

Key Stage 4 Co-Ordinator: 

Mr. Gerry Delbourgo (HoD)

Key Stage Four Overview

Year 9 (GCSE Year 1)

Autumn term

Students will learn about tectonic and weather hazards – their causes impacts and how societies deal with such events. This is followed by climate change – its causes, the impacts it is having on different of scales and how societies are attempting to adapt and mitigate the risks posed. Extreme weather events, through a range of case study examples will also be studied. Students will be assessed on each sub-topic after revision lessons consolidating the acquired knowledge and identify any misconceptions.

Spring term

Students will learn about ecosystems at a small, local scale (e.g. pond), as well as at a large, global scale (e.g. biomes). This is followed by a detailed study of two large scale ecosystems – tropical rainforests and hot deserts (characteristics, challenges, opportunities, threats and management). Students will be assessed on each sub-topic after revision lessons consolidating the acquired knowledge and identify any misconceptions.

Summer term

In the first half of the summer term, students will complete any unfinished parts of the course so far and then spend considerable time in class engaged in revision activities.

 

During the second half of the term, after the end of Year examinations, students will begin urban issues and challenges. This will focus on why urban areas are growing so rapidly and the implications. This is followed by an in-depth case study of the issues faced by a city in a Low Income Country (LIC) or Newly Emerging Economy (NEE)

 

Year 10 (GCSE Year 2)

Autumn term

In normal (non-COVID19) years, students will begin the term studying UK coastal landscapes – the main characteristic features plus the processes that create them. Students then explore issues relevant to the landscape (e.g. coastal erosion and flooding), examining the causes, impacts and strategies to manage and deal with the problems posed. Students will be assessed on each sub-topic after a revision lesson consolidating the acquired knowledge and identify any misconceptions. From late November, students will begin the river landscapes topic – the main characteristic features, plus the processes that create them. For 2020-21 (COVID-19 disrupted year group), students will start with urban issues & challenges, as this is the topic they missed in the summer of term of Year 9.

Spring term

In normal (non-COVID19) years, in the first half term, until February, students will continue their studies of UK river environments; in particular, they will explore issues relevant to the landscape (e.g. river flooding), examining the causes, impacts and strategies to manage and deal with the problems posed.

Students will be assessed on each sub-topic after a revision lesson consolidating the acquired knowledge and identify any misconceptions.

During March and April, the focus switches to human geography and the resource management topic (water, food and energy issues).

For 2020-21 (COVID-19 disrupted year group), students will cover the UK Physical Landscapes topic they would normally have started Year 10 with (i.e. river and coastal environments)

Summer term

Resource management (food, water & energy resources) is a human geography unit of work looking at inequalities in resource distribution, production and consumption. It begins with a UK-focus on food, water and energy issues, which is followed by a study of global water issues. In addition, some time will be dedicated for revision activities for end of year exams (PPEs).

During the second half of the term, students will participate in two compulsory field trips (one with a physical geography setting/focus and the other with a human geography (e.g. urban) setting/focus. Both of these will create a degree of follow-up work, whose purpose is to prepare students for that part of the Unit 3 exam (Geographical Applications). There will also be time to provide opportunity for students to practise an issues analysis exercise; this involves making use of a pre-release resource booklet centred on the geography of a specific place – and is a significant component of Paper 3.

 

Year 11 (GCSE final year)

Autumn term

The year begins with the teaching of ‘Economic World’, which a human geography topic that is part of Paper 2. This will be for two lessons per week. Using AQA exam past papers, relevant content will be recapped, and skills consolidated in the third lesson of the week.  This will include Paper 3 – geographical applications – consolidating the fieldwork component of the assessment. There will also be time to provide opportunity for students to practise another issues analysis exercise.

Spring term

This term will provide opportunities for plugging gaps in understanding, revision and for practising the issues analysis, which accounts for half of Paper 3. This is then followed by a second round of PPEs in March.

Summer term

The immediate focus will be analysis of the pre-release materials provided by the exam board AQA. This is an in-depth study of a real-world issue affecting a place. Students will be given activities to do to familiarise themselves with the resources and develop the required examination skills.

Some lessons will be devoted to tackling issues that arose from the PPEs, so addressing misconceptions and misunderstandings.